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Smith Library: Diagnostic Cardiovascular Sonography & Echocardiography

Resources for the WCUI Los Angeles, Ontario and Phoenix campuses.

Echo A Research Topics


Asymmetric Septal Hypertrophy 
Blue Baby: Cyanotic Heart Defects
- Transposition of Greater Vessels
- Tricuspid Atresia
- Tetralogy of Fallot
- Ebstein's Anomaly
- Anomalous Insertion of Pulmonary Veins

Coronary Artery Disease 

EKG (Normal Sinus Rhythm vs. Arrhythmia) 



Marfan Syndrome 

Phases of the Cardiac Cycle 

Ross Procedure 

Types of Doppler (Color, PW, CW, etc) 

Types of Stress Testing 

Values/Contrast and Compare
- 2D (Gray Scale Ultrasound Image Formation)
- 2D Image Artifact   
- Color Doppler Characteristics
- Blood and Blood Flow Study (hemodynamic)
- Doppler Artifact
- PW/CW Doppler Characteristics
- Ultrasound System Performance Evaluation
- Ultrasound System Safety Evaluation

Narrow the Topic

Describe sonographic guidelines for patients with a family history of congestive heart failure.

How are the etiologic factors related to non-congenital heart disease?

What are some concerns regarding pulmonary hypertension and pregnancy?

What are some precursors or risk factors for right side heart failure (e.g. COPD, HIV)?

What are the optimal technical factors to improve assessment for common heart valve issues?

What is Holt Oram Syndrome?

Community Service

Community Engagement: Collaborating for Change: Principles and strategies for engaging with U.S.-based and global communities through partnerships, research, service, and learning (Free, University of Michigan).

Smith Library Contact Information

Los Angeles: Cat 

Ontario: Karen

Phoenix: Terri

Program Directors


Dr. Gehan Youssef - Los Angeles 

Dr. Bhaa Azar - Ontario 

Timothy Chambers - Phoenix 

Pediatric Echo:

Dr. Pierre Wong - Los Angeles/ Ontario

Karen Ambrowitz​ -  Los Angeles/ Ontario

Echo B Research Topics

Aortic Coarctation 
Aortic Insufficiency 
Aortic Stenosis 
Asymmetric Septal Hypertrophy 
Blue Baby: Cyanotic Heart Defects
- Anomalous Insertion of Pulmonary Veins
- Ebstein's Anatomy      
- Tetralogy of Fallot
- Transposition of Greater Vessels
- Tricuspid Atresia
Caged Ball Valves 
Congestive Heart Failure 
Coronary Artery Disease 
Coronary Heart Disease 
EKG (Normal Sinus Rhythm vs. Arrhythmia) 
Heart Transplantation 
Marfan Syndrome 
Mitral Valve Regurgitation
Myocardial Infarction ​
Patent Ductus Arteriosus 
Phases of the Cardiac Cycle 
Right Side Heart Failure 
Ross Procedure/Ross II Procedure 
Septal Defects 
St. Jude Valve 
Tetralogy of Fallot 
Types of Doppler (Color, PW, CW, etc) 
Types of Stress Testing 
Values/Contrast and Compare 

Professional Associations

American Society of Echocardiography (ASE): Largest global organization for cardiovascular ultrasound imaging, setting practice guidelines and standards for the field. 

 Cardiovascular Credentialing International (CCI): Administering credentialing examinations as an independent credentialing agency

Intersocietal Accreditation Commission (IAC): Standards and guidelines for echocardiography accreditation.

Radiological Society of North America (RSNA): Global organization providing educational resources and continuing education credits.

Society of Ultrasound in Medical Education: Learning modules (physics, instrumentation, abdomen, pelvic, cardiac, neck)

Society for Vascular Ultrasound (SVU): Dedicated to advancing ultrasound in vascular disease diagnosis.

Educational Videos

ABC Vascular: Videos on how to perform different vascular protocols.

Health Videos: These animated videos show the anatomy of body parts and organ systems and how diseases and conditions affect them.


Radiological Society of North America (RSNA): Clinical radiology.

Educational Images

Cardiovascular Images by Dr. Antony: Cross-reference for accuracy (2019).
Open-i: Clinical biomedical images, charts and graphs.

Physics Research Topics

2D (Gray Scale Ultrasound Image Formation) 
2D Image Artifact 
3D Transducer  
Blood and Blood Flow Study (Hemodynamic) 
Color Doppler Characteristics 
Continuous Wave Probe 
Convex Array 
Doppler Artifact 
Endovaginal Probe  
Linear Array  
Mechanical Transducer 
Phased Array 
PW/CW Doppler Characteristics 
TEE Transducer 
Ultrasound System Performance Evaluation  
Ultrasound System Safety Evaluation 


American College of Cardiology: Interviews with cardiovascular experts, cardiology summaries of research areas, and weekly commentaries.

American Heart Assiciation: A Binge Worthy Series by the American Heart Association

ARDMS Podcast: ARDMS offers online podcasts and videos. Each podcast and video provides the user with current information on ARDMS policies or programs.

JASE: Interview with authors of different articles on JASE journals. 

Physics basic: Basic concepts of ultrasound physic

Radiology: Discussion of papers and articles related to radiology or COVID-19

Society of Ultrasound in Medical Education: Physics, instrumentation, abdomen, pelvic, cardiac, and neck learning modules.

US Imaging in Cardiac and Vascular Medicine: The latest advances in cardiovascular ultrasound imaging, with a strong focus on translational studies.

Ultrasound Podcast: Congenital Heart Abnormalities.

Ultrasound Gel: Recent literature in the field of point-of-care ultrasound.

Ultrasound in MedEd MS1: Ultrasound lectures

Ultrasound in MedED MS2: Ultrasound lectures

Ultrasound in MedED MS3: Ultrasound lectures

Ultrasound in MedED MS4: Ultrasound lectures


American Society for Radiologic Technologists (ASRT) Foundation: In an effort to help students and professionals obtain the education needed for a successful career, the ASRT offers over 65 scholarships in several medical imaging disciplines thanks in part to donors and corporate sponsors.

Islamic Development Bank: Awards five, interest-free loan scholarships of $15,000 each year.

National Ultrasound: National Ultrasound, a dedicated ultrasound equipment company in the U.S., awards a $500 scholarship twice a year.

SDMS Scholarships: $2,500 scholarship for a sonography student from the Society of Diagnostic Medical Sonography (SDMS).

Society for Vascular Ultrasound – Anne Jones Scholarship Fund: Four scholarships totaling $5,500 are awarded each year in honor of Anne Jones, former Chair of SVU’s Government Relations. Recipients are students who are pursuing a career in vascular ultrasound.

Vascular Research Topics

Aneurysms (Various types) 

Aortic Coarctation 

Aortic Stenosi

Ankle Brachial Index studies 
Atherosclerosis Obliterans (Various types) 

Caged Ball Valves 

Carotid Body Tumor 
Cerebrovascular Accident 
Collagen Vascular Disease 

Congestive Heart Failure 

Constrictive Pericarditis

Deep Vein Thrombosis 
Extravascular Masses 
Fibromuscular Dysplasia 

Heart Transplantation 

Loeffler Endocarditis

Myocardial Infarction 

Neointimal Dysplasia 

Patent Ductus Arteriosus 

Peripheral Arterial Disease 
Phlegmasia Alba Dolens 
Phlegmasia Cerulea Dolens 

Polycysic Ovary Syndrome

Pulmonary Artery Dissection

Raynaud’s Syndrome 

Right Side Heart Failure 

Septal Defects 

St. Jude Valve 

Subclavian Steal 

Systemic Sclerosis and the Heart

Takayasu Arteritis 
Thoracic Outlet Syndrome 
Thromboangitis Obliterans 
Transcranial Doppler Examinations 
Venous Insufficiency

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EKG Flashcards